% Exercise 4.31: Design of a cantilever beam (GP) % Boyd & Vandenberghe "Convex Optimization" % Almir Mutapcic - 01/30/06 % Updated to use GP mode 02/08/06 % (a figure is generated) % % We have a segmented cantilever beam with N segments. Each segment % has a unit length and variable width and height (rectangular profile). % The goal is minimize the total volume of the beam, over all segment % widths w_i and heights h_i, subject to constraints on aspect ratios, % maximum allowable stress in the material, vertical deflection y, etc. % % The problem can be posed as a geometric program (posynomial form) % minimize sum( w_i* h_i) % s.t. w_min <= w_i <= w_max, for all i = 1,...,N % h_min <= h_i <= h_max % S_min <= h_i/w_i <= S_max % 6*i*F/(w_i*h_i^2) <= sigma_max % 6*F/(E*w_i*h_i^3) == d_i % (2*i - 1)*d_i + v_(i+1) <= v_i % (i - 1/3)*d_i + v_(i+1) + y_(i+1) <= y_i % y_1 <= y_max % % with variables w_i, h_i, d_i, (i = 1,...,N) and v_i, y_i (i = 1,...,N+1). % (Consult the book for other definitions and a recursive formulation of % this problem.) % optimization variables N = 8; % constants wmin = .1; wmax = 100; hmin = .1; hmax = 6; Smin = 1/5; Smax = 5; sigma_max = 1; ymax = 10; E = 1; F = 1; cvx_begin gp % optimization variables variables w(N) h(N) v(N+1) y(N+1); % objective is the total volume of the beam % obj = sum of (widths*heights*lengths) over each section % (recall that the length of each segment is set to be 1) minimize( w'*h ) subject to % non-recursive formulation d = 6*F*ones(N,1)./(E*ones(N,1).*w.*h.^3); for i = 1:N (2*i-1)*d(i) + v(i+1) <= v(i); (i-1/3)*d(i) + v(i+1) + y(i+1) <= y(i); end % constraint set wmin <= w <= wmax; hmin <= h <= hmax; Smin <= h./w <= Smax; 6*F*[1:N]'./(w.*(h.^2)) <= sigma_max; y(1) <= ymax; cvx_end % display results disp('The optimal widths and heights are: '); w, h fprintf(1,'The optimal minimum volume of the beam is %3.4f.\n', sum(w.*h)) % plot the 3D model of the optimal cantilever beam figure, clf cantilever_beam_plot([h; w])