```% Section 8.6.2, Boyd & Vandenberghe "Convex Optimization"
% Original by Lieven Vandenberghe
% Adapted for CVX by Joelle Skaf - 10/23/05
% (a figure is generated)
%
% The goal is to find the polynomial of degree 4 on R^n that separates
% two sets of points {x_1,...,x_N} and {y_1,...,y_N}. We are trying to find
% the coefficients of an order-4-polynomial P(x) that would satisfy:
%           minimize    t
%               s.t.    P(x_i) <= t  for i = 1,...,N
%                       P(y_i) >= t   for i = 1,...,M

% Data generation
rand('state',0);
N = 100;
M = 120;

% The points X lie within a circle of radius 0.9, with a wedge of points
% near [1.1,0] removed. The points Y lie outside a circle of radius 1.1,
% with a wedge of points near [1.1,0] added. The wedges are precisely what
% makes the separation difficult and interesting.
X = 2 * rand(2,N) - 1;
X = X * diag(0.9*rand(1,N)./sqrt(sum(X.^2)));
Y = 2 * rand(2,M) - 1;
Y = Y * diag((1.1+rand(1,M))./sqrt(sum(Y.^2)));
d = sqrt(sum((X-[1.1;0]*ones(1,N)).^2));
Y = [ Y, X(:,d<0.9) ];
X = X(:,d>1);
N = size(X,2);
M = size(Y,2);

% Construct Vandermonde-style monomial matrices
p1   = [0,0,1,0,1,2,0,1,2,3,0,1,2,3,4]';
p2   = [0,1,1,2,2,2,3,3,3,3,4,4,4,4,4]'-p1;
np   = length(p1);
op   = ones(np,1);
monX = X(op,:) .^ p1(:,ones(1,N)) .* X(2*op,:) .^ p2(:,ones(1,N));
monY = Y(op,:) .^ p1(:,ones(1,M)) .* Y(2*op,:) .^ p2(:,ones(1,M));

% Solution via CVX
fprintf(1,'Finding the optimal polynomial of order 4 that separates the 2 classes...');

cvx_begin
variables a(np) t(1)
minimize ( t )
a'*monX <= t;
a'*monY >= -t;
% For normalization purposes only
norm(a) <= 1;
cvx_end

fprintf(1,'Done! \n');

% Displaying results
nopts = 2000;
angles = linspace(0,2*pi,nopts);
cont = zeros(2,nopts);
for i=1:nopts
v = [cos(angles(i)); sin(angles(i))];
l = 0;  u = 1;
while ( u - l > 1e-3 )
s = (u+l)/2;
x = s * v;
if a' * ( x(op,:) .^ p1 .* x(2*op) .^ p2 ) > 0,
u = s;
else
l = s;
end
end;
s = (u+l)/2;
cont(:,i) = s*v;
end;

graph = plot(X(1,:),X(2,:),'o', Y(1,:), Y(2,:),'o', cont(1,:), cont(2,:), '-');
set(graph(2),'MarkerFaceColor',[0 0.5 0]);
title('Optimal order-4 polynomial that separates the 2 classes')
% print -deps min-deg-discr.eps

%%%% Dual infeasible ?????
```
```Finding the optimal polynomial of order 4 that separates the 2 classes...
Calling SDPT3 4.0: 228 variables, 17 equality constraints
For improved efficiency, SDPT3 is solving the dual problem.
------------------------------------------------------------

num. of constraints = 17
dim. of socp   var  = 16,   num. of socp blk  =  1
dim. of linear var  = 212
*******************************************************************
SDPT3: Infeasible path-following algorithms
*******************************************************************
version  predcorr  gam  expon  scale_data
NT      1      0.000   1        0
it pstep dstep pinfeas dinfeas  gap      prim-obj      dual-obj    cputime
-------------------------------------------------------------------
0|0.000|0.000|4.3e+03|3.8e+02|1.6e+05| 8.000000e+00  0.000000e+00| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
1|0.951|0.924|2.1e+02|2.9e+01|8.0e+03| 1.388934e+01 -4.886842e+01| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
2|0.984|1.000|3.2e+00|1.0e-02|1.8e+02| 9.251440e+00 -5.181875e+01| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
3|0.836|1.000|5.3e-01|1.0e-03|4.2e+01| 2.140248e+00 -2.861699e+01| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
4|1.000|0.910|4.6e-08|1.8e-04|1.1e+01| 1.939354e+00 -8.800620e+00| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
5|0.905|0.856|3.8e-08|3.5e-05|1.9e+00| 1.010301e+00 -9.103911e-01| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
6|1.000|0.370|1.3e-09|2.2e-05|1.5e+00| 6.677477e-01 -8.348393e-01| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
7|0.631|1.000|6.5e-10|1.0e-07|8.4e-01| 3.893785e-01 -4.476879e-01| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
8|0.781|0.785|1.8e-10|3.0e-08|5.4e-01| 3.209021e-01 -2.187887e-01| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
9|0.731|0.907|5.2e-11|3.7e-09|3.5e-01| 2.246688e-01 -1.265480e-01| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
10|0.912|1.000|4.6e-12|1.1e-10|1.6e-01| 1.604048e-01  4.282222e-03| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
11|1.000|1.000|2.9e-16|1.1e-11|6.4e-02| 9.043536e-02  2.691142e-02| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
12|0.595|0.993|7.4e-16|2.1e-12|3.8e-02| 6.994708e-02  3.242940e-02| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
13|0.971|1.000|4.6e-16|1.1e-12|1.4e-02| 5.223105e-02  3.827592e-02| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
14|1.000|0.979|2.3e-15|1.0e-12|6.8e-03| 4.712817e-02  4.032284e-02| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
15|0.928|0.999|8.6e-16|1.0e-12|1.4e-03| 4.226683e-02  4.088115e-02| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
16|1.000|1.000|8.8e-15|1.0e-12|5.8e-04| 4.153837e-02  4.096013e-02| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
17|0.961|0.986|8.3e-15|1.0e-12|3.2e-05| 4.102379e-02  4.099196e-02| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
18|0.984|1.000|3.1e-14|1.0e-12|2.4e-06| 4.099556e-02  4.099313e-02| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
19|1.000|1.000|4.6e-13|1.0e-12|1.6e-07| 4.099338e-02  4.099322e-02| 0:0:00| chol  1  1
20|1.000|1.000|1.5e-12|1.0e-12|5.1e-09| 4.099323e-02  4.099323e-02| 0:0:00|
stop: max(relative gap, infeasibilities) < 1.49e-08
-------------------------------------------------------------------
number of iterations   = 20
primal objective value =  4.09932303e-02
dual   objective value =  4.09932252e-02
gap := trace(XZ)       = 5.11e-09
relative gap           = 4.72e-09
actual relative gap    = 4.72e-09
rel. primal infeas (scaled problem)   = 1.52e-12
rel. dual     "        "       "      = 1.00e-12
rel. primal infeas (unscaled problem) = 0.00e+00
rel. dual     "        "       "      = 0.00e+00
norm(X), norm(y), norm(Z) = 5.6e-01, 1.0e+00, 2.1e+01
norm(A), norm(b), norm(C) = 1.0e+02, 2.0e+00, 2.0e+00
Total CPU time (secs)  = 0.24
CPU time per iteration = 0.01
termination code       =  0
DIMACS: 1.5e-12  0.0e+00  1.0e-12  0.0e+00  4.7e-09  4.7e-09
-------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------
Status: Solved
Optimal value (cvx_optval): -0.0409932

Done!
```